THE BIG TRANSFER OF IDEAS (BTI) was a very complex process lasting 150 years (ca. 550-400 BC). The main actors in this process were Greek philosophers and healers: Alcmaeon, Anaxagoras, Empedocles, Democritus, and Hippocrates. Thanks to the biographical connections that joined them, they could exchange and transfer their ideas.

Alcmaeon (and Pythagorean) ideas were the inspiration for Empedocles and Anaxagoras. These two philosophers certainly knew each other, Empedocles probably listened to lectures Anaxagoras and valued them at par with the Pythagorean doctrine. Moreover, Empedocles was a teacher of Gorgias, while Gorgias was a teacher of Hippocrates. Furthermore, in the views of Hippocrates, we see the impact of Empedocles main theory (four elements creating an existence). Alcmaeon’s impact can be clearly seen in the Hippocrates and Democritus views on the human brain (i.e. the main role in the human organism). Democritus was probably a student of Anaxagoras. At least we know that they discussed and exchanged their views each other. The main conclusion of the BTI is that in the theories of these philosophers were similarities on the human nervous system.

Look at below:

 

Main source texts documented as well the Big Transfer of Ideas, as in general the ancient Greek theory of the human nervous system.

Selected basic compilations:

Diogenes Laertius, Lives of eminent philosophers
G. S. Kirk, J. E. Raven, M. Schofield, The Presocratic Philosophers: A Critical History with a Selection of Texts, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1986
H. Diels, Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker, Diels H., Wedimannsche Buchhandlung, Berlin 1906

Selected ancient source texts:

Alcmaeon of Croton: His Life, Work and Fragments, ed. P.S. Codellas
Alcmaeon of Crotone, Diogenes Laertius, Lives of eminent philosophers
Alkmaion, Fragmente, Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker, H. Diels
Anaxagoras, The Presocratic Philosophers: A Critical History with a Selection of Texts.  G. S. Kirk, J. E. Raven, M. Schofield
Anaxagoras, Diogenes Laertius, Lives of eminent philosophers
Anaxagoras, Fragmente, [w:] Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker, H. Diels
Aristotle, Metaphysics
Aristotle, Metheorology
Aristotle, On the parts of animals
Aristotle, On the soul
Aristotle, On the sense organs
Aristotle, On breath
Leucippus and Democritus, The Presocratic Philosophers: A Critical History with a Selection of Texts.  G. S. Kirk, J. E. Raven, M. Schofield
Demokritos, Fragmente, Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker, przeł. H. Diels
Democritus, Diogenes Laertius, Lives of eminent philosophers
Diogenes of Apollonia, Diogenes Laertius, Lives of eminent philosophers
Empedokles, Fragmente, Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker, H. Diels
Empedocles, Diogenes Laertius, Lives of eminent philosophers
Empedocles, The Presocratic Philosophers: A Critical History with a Selection of Texts.  G. S. Kirk, J. E. Raven, M. Schofield
Hippocrates, The Aphorisms
Hippocrates, Prognostics
Hippocrates, On ancient medicine
Hippocrates, On the nature of man
Hippocrates, On the art of medicine
Hippocrates, On the sacred disease
Hippocrates,  On sight
Hippocrates, On anatomy
Hippocrates, On the head wounds
Hippocrates, Fleshes
Hippocrates, Oath
Orphei Lithica kerygmata (Orhpeus, On the rocks)
Isokrates, Antidosis
Clemens of Alexandria, Stromata
Leukippos, Fragmente, Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker, H. Diels
Plato, Phaedrus
Platon, Apologia
Plutarch, Lives of the Noble Grecians and Romans
Pseudo-Hippocrates, On the laugh of Democritus
Strabo, Geography
Theoprastus, Characters
The Aphorisms of Hippocrates
The Hippocratis treatise On Glands
The Numerical Discourses of the Buddha. A translation of the Anguttara Nikaya